National Crisis Committee
Depending on the magnitude and severity of a disaster, the Crisis Committee or the Council is convened under the chairmanship of the Minister in order:
(a) take decisive actions to safeguard the life of persons in danger, including evacuation of persons at risk owing to age or some disability, women, children and persons detained in an institution;
(b) supervise the organisation of disaster response operations;
(c) take appropriate measures, after consultation with the Prime Minister, to provide effective relief assistance; and
(d) take such other measures, after consultation with the Prime Minister, as may be appropriate in the circumstances.
National Emergency Operations Command (NEOC)
A National Emergency Operations Command (NEOC) is established within the NDRRMC and is activated whenever a disaster or any other major crisis becomes imminent.
The NEOC is multi-agency, comprising representatives from Ministries/Departments, other emergency services, NGO’s and Private Sectors. The NEOC is activated solely for the purpose of coordinating all activities during a disaster and makes use of the well-established command, control, coordination and communication system of the Police so as to avoid unnecessary duplication of resources. Depending upon the magnitude and severity or potential magnitude or severity of a crisis/disaster situation, the NEOC may be activated at three levels:
Level I: Monitoring of situation by NDRRMC
Level II: Monitoring by NDRRMC staff assisted by representatives from main first responders
Level III: Full scale activation with designated NEOC Members
Local Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Committees (LDRRMC)
Local Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Committees (LDRRMC) have been established within all Municipal and District Councils along with the appointment of Local Disaster Management Coordinators. With the support of the NDRRMC, simulation exercises conducted at Municipal and District Councils levels as per an annual simulation calendar are significantly contributing to strengthen their arrangements in support of identifying, mitigating and responding to identified threats.
Local Emergency Operations Command (LEOC)
At the level of Municipal/District Councils, a Local Emergency Operations Command (LEOC) has been established and is activated whenever a disaster or any other crisis becomes imminent within the area of jurisdiction and reports to the NEOC. The LEOC is multi-agency and is headed by the Mayor/ President of District Council. The LEOC is activated solely for the purpose of coordinating all activities during a disaster and makes use of the well-established command, control, co-ordination and communication system of the Police so as to avoid unnecessary duplication of resources, as far as practicable.
Community Disaster Response Programme (CDRP)
The Community Disaster Response Programme (CDRP) aims at:
(a) training volunteers by initiating them to basic safety and rescue techniques;
(b) enhancing a culture of risk reduction within the population; and
(c) building the capacity of the community to respond to emergency situations/disasters.
When emergencies occur, the trained community members are expected to provide immediate assistance to victims, give critical support to responding authorities and organise spontaneous volunteers at a disaster site.
Building the capacity of the community to respond to disasters and to inculcate a culture of risk reduction within the population is among the objectives of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Centre (NDRRMC) and is in line with the Sendai Framework of Action 2015-2030.
National Disaster Scheme (NDS) (Click here to access the full document)
The National Disasters Scheme (NDS) has traditionally been used as the primary source of information for agencies and individuals working in preparation and response to identified threats. The NDS is intended to be a functional document to support agencies and stakeholders in understanding and undertaking their roles, responsibilities and actions in emergencies. It is understood that certain organisations or ministries do not presently have the capacities to meet their roles and responsibilities defined under the various schemes of the NDS. Such organisations or ministries will have to develop these capabilities in the years to come. The ultimate aim of the NDS is to enhance safety of citizens
Flood prone life threatening/critical sites
As per information collected in March 2019, from the 12 Local Authorities, the National Development Unit (NDU) and the Road Development Authority (RDA), some 480 sites have been identified across the island as being affected at varying degree by water accumulation and flooding.
Out of these 480 identified sites, 56 sites are considered to be life threatening/critical and may cause serious disruption to socio-economic activities. These have to be addressed as a matter of urgency.
The structural / hard measures (drains) which have to be implemented in these 56 life threatening/critical sites are being monitored by the Land Drainage Authority.
At the level of the NDRRMC, three major actions (soft measures) have been undertaken with regard to the 56 life threatening/critical sites, as follows:
· Implementing Community Disaster Response Programme (CDRP);
· Sensitisation Campaigns; and
· Development of Emergency / Contingency Plans.
Moreover, the NDRRMC is also assisting the local authorities to prepare the respective emergency / contingency plans for these 40 regions. During the CDRP, the community is also sensitised on basic precautionary measures, amongst others.
There are three identified potential landslide areas in Mauritius: Quatre Soeurs, Vallée Pitot and Chitrakoot. In these areas specific landslide monitoring equipment has been installed and the community sensitised.
Heavy Rainfall Protocol for the Public Sector
A Heavy Rainfall Protocol for the Public Sector has been established and it falls under the purview of the Ministry of Public Service, Administrative and Institutional Reforms. The Protocol may be accessed at: