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Ministry of Local Government and Disaster Risk Management
Ministry of Local Government and Disaster Risk Management>Department & Other Bodies>National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Centre

National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Centre


NATIONAL DISASTER RISK REDUCTION AND MANAGEMENT CENTRE
 
Mauritius is a Small Island Developing State (SIDS) vulnerable to severe weather events and natural disasters such as cyclones, storm and tidal surges, torrential rains, floods and flash floods, landslides, tsunami as well as man-induced disasters. According to the World Risk Report 2019, Mauritius has now become the 47th country with the highest disaster risk as compared to the 2018 ranking whereby we were the 16th country with the highest disaster risk and the 10th most exposed to natural hazards.
 
The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act 2016    (Click here to read more)
The legal framework governing Disaster Risk Management is The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act 2016, which has as object:
(a) prevention and reduction of the risk of disasters
(b) mitigation of the adverse impacts of disasters;
 (c) disaster preparedness;
(d) effective response to disasters; and
(e) management of post-disaster activities, including recovery and rehabilitation.
 
National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council
The Act also provides for the setting up of a National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, which shall, inter alia, oversee the implementation of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Policy, National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Strategic Framework and National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan. The National Council shall also lay down national guidelines for disaster risk reduction and management at all levels.
 
National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Centre (NDRRMC)
 
The National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Centre (NDRRMC) acts as the main coordinating body of the Ministry for the planning, organizing, coordinating and monitoring of disaster risk reduction and management activities at all levels.
The NDRRMC operates under the supervision of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council, and is the primary coordinating agency for national disaster management activities in the Republic of Mauritius, and takes a pro-active all-hazard, multi-agency approach to risk management that emphasizes building capacity at all levels from the individual to the institutional.
 
The NDRRMC coordinates with all stakeholders to ensure that risk reduction and preparedness planning is included at the required levels namely at national, municipal and district councils, private sector and communities’ levels.
 
National Crisis Committee (NCC)
The National Crisis Committee (NCC) is convened in crisis situation under the chair of the Minister of Local Government and Disaster Risk Management. The National Crisis Committee shall have all the functions and powers of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council and shall take decisive and timely actions through the National Emergency Operations Command (NEOC) to safeguard the life of persons in danger. Depending upon the extent, magnitude and severity of the threat, the multi-agencied NEOC is activated to coordinate and monitor all preparedness, response, relief and recovery activities associated with the event.
 
The management of crises/emergencies/disasters operates on a three-tiers system involving the National Crisis Committee at Minister’s level, the NEOC at national level and the Local Emergency Operations Command (LEOC) at municipal/district council levels. The NDRRMC also includes a Documentation Cell to ensure accessibility of disaster related information and is open to the public during office hours.
 
 
More about the National Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Centre
The National Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Centre (NDRRMC) has been administratively set up since 23rd October 2013.
 
It is acts as the focal institution for the State of Mauritius for the planning, organizing, coordinating and monitoring of disaster risk reduction and management activities at all levels,
It is responsible to develop, in line with National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Policy, a National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Strategic Framework and Plan for approval by the Council and to ensure their implementation.
 
 
 
Objectives of the NDRRMC
(a) Be responsible for coordinating the implementation of:-
(i) the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Policies; and
(ii) the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Strategic Framework and Plans developed by the NDRRMC.
 
(b) Promote a culture of safety and resilience at all levels through the use of knowledge, innovation and education.
 
(c) Coordinate the implementation of the obligations of the State/Republic of Mauritius under disaster management treaties to which the State is a party, through its disaster risk management policies, frameworks, plans, programmes and projects.
 
(d) Review or amend the National Disaster Scheme (NDS) as and when required.
 
Activities of NDRRMC
  • Timely response to emergency situations through the activation of the National Emergency Operations Command (NEOC), for the monitoring and coordination of ground operations by First Responders.

 

  • Empowering vulnerable communities to be ready for disasters through the Community Disaster Response Programme (CDRP) whereby participants are initiated to basic rescue techniques.
  • Assist Local Authorities in the preparation of Contingency Plans for vulnerable areas.

 

  • Sensitising people in vulnerable areas on Disaster Risk Reduction through Training Programmes, Lectures and Workshops.

 

  • Provide information of Disaster Risk Reduction through the Documentation Cell at the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Centre.

 

 

National Crisis Committee

Depending on the magnitude and severity of a disaster, the Crisis Committee or the Council is convened under the chairmanship of the Minister in order:

 

(a)     take decisive actions to safeguard the life of persons in danger, including evacuation of persons at risk owing to age or some disability, women, children and persons detained in an institution;

 

(b)     supervise the organisation of disaster response operations;

 

(c)     take appropriate measures, after consultation with the Prime Minister, to provide effective relief assistance; and

 

(d)    take such other measures, after consultation with the Prime Minister, as may be appropriate in the circumstances.

 

National Emergency Operations Command (NEOC)

A National Emergency Operations Command (NEOC) is established within the NDRRMC and is activated whenever a disaster or any other major crisis becomes imminent.
The NEOC is multi-agency, comprising representatives from Ministries/Departments, other emergency services, NGO’s and Private Sectors. The NEOC is activated solely for the purpose of coordinating all activities during a disaster and makes use of the well-established command, control, coordination and communication system of the Police so as to avoid unnecessary duplication of resources. Depending upon the magnitude and severity or potential magnitude or severity of a crisis/disaster situation, the NEOC may be activated at three levels:

 

Level I: Monitoring of situation by NDRRMC

 

Level II: Monitoring by NDRRMC staff assisted by representatives from main first responders

 

Level III: Full scale activation with designated NEOC Members

 

Local Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Committees (LDRRMC)

Local Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Committees (LDRRMC) have been established within all Municipal and District Councils along with the appointment of Local Disaster Management Coordinators. With the support of the NDRRMC, simulation exercises conducted at Municipal and District Councils levels as per an annual simulation calendar are significantly contributing to strengthen their arrangements in support of identifying, mitigating and responding to identified threats.

Local Emergency Operations Command (LEOC)

At the level of Municipal/District Councils, a Local Emergency Operations Command (LEOC) has been established and is activated whenever a disaster or any other crisis becomes imminent within the area of jurisdiction and reports to the NEOC. The LEOC is multi-agency and is headed by the Mayor/ President of District Council. The LEOC is activated solely for the purpose of coordinating all activities during a disaster and makes use of the well-established command, control, co-ordination and communication system of the Police so as to avoid unnecessary duplication of resources, as far as practicable.

 

Community Disaster Response Programme (CDRP)

The Community Disaster Response Programme (CDRP) aims at:

 

 

(a)    training volunteers by initiating them to basic safety and rescue techniques;

(b)   enhancing a culture of risk reduction within the population; and

(c)    building the capacity of the community to respond to emergency situations/disasters.

 

When emergencies occur, the trained community members are expected to provide immediate assistance to victims, give critical support to responding authorities and organise spontaneous volunteers at a disaster site.

Building the capacity of the community to respond to disasters and to inculcate a culture of risk reduction within the population is among the objectives of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Centre (NDRRMC) and is in line with the Sendai Framework of Action 2015-2030.

 

National Disaster Scheme (NDS)                 (Click here to access the full document)

The National Disasters Scheme (NDS) has traditionally been used as the primary source of information for agencies and individuals working in preparation and response to identified threats. The NDS is intended to be a functional document to support agencies and stakeholders in understanding and undertaking their roles, responsibilities and actions in emergencies. It is understood that certain organisations or ministries do not presently have the capacities to meet their roles and responsibilities defined under the various schemes of the NDS. Such organisations or ministries will have to develop these capabilities in the years to come. The ultimate aim of the NDS is to enhance safety of citizens

 

Flood prone life threatening/critical sites

As per information collected in March 2019, from the 12 Local Authorities, the National Development Unit (NDU) and the Road Development Authority (RDA), some 480 sites have been identified across the island as being affected at varying degree by water accumulation and flooding. 

Out of these 480 identified sites, 56 sites are considered to be life threatening/critical and may cause serious disruption to socio-economic activities. These have to be addressed as a matter of urgency.
The structural / hard measures (drains) which have to be implemented in these 56 life threatening/critical sites are being monitored by the Land Drainage Authority.
At the level of the NDRRMC, three major actions (soft measures) have been undertaken with regard to the 56 life threatening/critical sites, as follows:
·      Implementing Community Disaster Response Programme (CDRP);
·      Sensitisation Campaigns; and
·      Development of Emergency / Contingency Plans.
 
Moreover, the NDRRMC is also assisting the local authorities to prepare the respective emergency / contingency plans for these 40 regions.  During the CDRP, the community is also sensitised on basic precautionary measures, amongst others.
 
Landslide Risks
 
There are three identified potential landslide areas in Mauritius: Quatre Soeurs, Vallée Pitot and Chitrakoot. In these areas specific landslide monitoring equipment has been installed and the community sensitised.
 
Heavy Rainfall Protocol for the Public Sector
A Heavy Rainfall Protocol for the Public Sector has been established and it falls under the purview of the Ministry of Public Service, Administrative and Institutional Reforms. The Protocol may be accessed at:

 

Contact

The Officer in Charge
 National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Centre
6th Floor, Citadelle Mall
Corner Louis Pasteur and Sir Virgil Naz Streets
Port Louis
Mauritius
 
Tel: 207 3900
Fax: 207 3927

 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior Staff of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Centre
NDRRMC
Tel: 2073900
Fax: 2073927
S.N
Names
Designation
Tel office
E-mail Address
1.
Mr K. Servansing
Officer-in-Charge
207 3901
2.
Mr S. Sookhareea
Superintendent of Police
207  3908
3.
Mr R. S. Mungra
Chief Inspector of Police
207 3909
4..
Mr H.K. Mohit
Inspector of Police
207 3917
hkmohit@govmu.org
5.
Mr S.K. Joyeprokash
Inspector of Police
207 3910
kjayeprokash@govmu.org
6..
Mr D. Seetohul
Senior Meteorologist
207 3912
-
7.
Mr P. Rughoo
Information & Communication Manager
207  3903
prrughoo@govmu.org
8.
Mr Y. Reesaul
ICT Specialist
207 3907
 
9.
Mrs S. Cyparsade
Disaster Monitoring Officer
207 3906
scyparsade@govmu.org
10.
Mr H. Bissessur
Coordinator for Community Mobilisation & Local Community Support
207 3914
hbissessur@govmu.org
 
11.
Mr V. Sunnassy
Coordinator for Community Mobilisation & Local Community Support
207 3902
vsunnassy@govmu.org
12.
Mrs S. Appadoo
Coordinator for Community Mobilisation & Local Community Support
207 3916
shappadoo@govmu.org
 
 

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