(a) Where more than-
(i) 20 persons are employed to work at any one time; or
(ii) 10 persons are so employed elsewhere than on the ground floor;
(b) Where explosive or highly flammable material is stored or used; or
(c) Situated in premises where explosive or flammable material is stored or used.
4. (a) Every person who uses or proposes to use any place of work specified in subsection
(2) or intends to construct a building to be used as such place of work shall –
(i) make a written application to the appropriate Fire Authority for a fire certificate; and
(ii) furnish to the Fire Authority such drawing, plan, document or other information as the Fire Authority may require.
|Application for the grant of a Fire Certificate
|Application for the grant of a Fire Clearance
|Application for Certificate of Registration for Storage of L.P.G
|Application for the Renewal of Certificate of Registration for Underground tanks / Stores / Spraying Room under the Inflammable Liquids & Substances Regulations
APPLICATION FOR THE ISSUE OF A FIRE CERTIFICATE
1. Applicant applies for a Fire Certificate through a formal letter or complete application form shown below and shall submit:
a. Scale drawing of the building (means of escape, fire fighting, warning etc.)
b. Certificate from firm’s consultant certifying that measures at (a) satisfy legal requirements
2. On receipt of application, premises will be inspected to ensure compliance with fire safety requirements.
3. Fire Certificate will be issued the next day if all legal requirements are complied with.
4. If shortcomings are noted, related fire safety requirements are imposed within a time delay of 15 to 30 days depending on scope of work.
5. Premises is re-inspected and if improvement works completed, Fire Certificate is issued.
NOTE: For projects under construction, or to be modified or to be constructed, approval conveyed subject to satisfying legal fire safety requirement. A fire certificate will be issued on completion of the project.
3. CRITERIA FOR THE ISSUE OF A FIRE CERTIFICATE.
3.1. The following criterias are considered before issuing a fire certificate: -
a. Means of escape
b. Means for giving warning in case of fire
c. Means of fighting fires
d. Any hazardous materials stored or handled
3.2. Means of Escape
b. Means of escape forms structural and integral part of the construction and includes exit doors, corridors and staircases leading to the open air.
c. There shall be an alternate means of escape. It may vary according to inherent fire hazard, occupancy and travel distance.
d. The means of escape shall always be kept free from obstruction.
e. Emergency lighting shall be provided on escape routes.
f. Adequate and conspicuous signs shall be displayed to indicate escape routes.
g. Provision of self–closing devices shall be made on doors along escape routes.
3.3 Means for giving warning in case of fire
a. It consists of automatic detectors, manual break glass call points, sounders / sirens and a control indicator panel.
b. It must be designed according to British Standard or any other approved standard.
c. A commissioning certificate shall be submitted.
d. Every component of the system shall be tested and maintained regularly according to British Standard or any other approved system and a record of each test shall be kept by the promoter.
e. A fire alarm system is required in premises having 60 occupants.
3.4. Means for fighting fires
a. First aid fire fighting equipments are normally imposed after an evaluation of inherent fire hazards. Equipments include portable fire extinguishers and hose reels.
b. Provision of Fire Extinguishers.
(i) For every 210 Sq. metres or part thereof, a 9 lts water or foam, 9 kg dry powder or 5 kg carbon dioxide fire extinguisher is imposed.
(ii) There shall be a back-up for each 210 Sq. metres of part thereof.
(iii) Portable fire extinguishers shall be installed in such a way that the carrying handle lies one metre off the floor.
(iv) It shall be installed in a readily accessible place on escape routes such that no one shall travel more than 30 metres to reach it.
(v) The person who may be called to use it shall be given adequate training.
c. Suitability of Fire Extinguishers.
d. Classes of Fire
Class A Fire - Fires involving solid materials normally of an organic nature in which
combustion occurs with the formation of glowing embers
Class B Fire - Fires involving liquids or liquefied solids.
Class C Fire - Fires involving gases or liquefied solids.
Class D Fire - Fires involving metals.
e. Hose reel equipments are imposed on higher risk of class A fires.
f. Depending upon the fire hazard and life hazard fixed fire protection system are imposed.
g. Fixed fire protection system includes : -
(i). Sprinkler/drencher for class A fires
(ii). Foam/dry powder system – for class B fires
(iii). Carbon dioxide/ dry powder system – for class C & D fires.
3.5. Storage/Handling Hazardous substances
Premises where inflammable liquids and substances are used, stored and handled shall comply with the requirements of Inflammable Liquids and Substance Act 1954 and subsequent regulations made under the act. Fees payable are as per notes a, b, c below.
(a). STORAGE OF CARBIDE OF CALCIUM
1. For a certificate of registration in respect of carbide of calcium –
a) exceeding 14 kg but not exceeding 500 kg …
b) exceeding 500 kg but not exceeding 2500 kg …
c) exceeding 2500 kg but not exceeding 5000 kg …
d) exceeding 5000 kg but not exceeding 25,000 kg …
e) exceeding 25,000 kg …
2. For the transfer of a certificate of registration
(b). TARIFF OF FEES PAYABLE FOR CERTIFICATESOF REGISTRATION AND TRANSFERS
Description of Premises
1. (a). Bulk depots and stores … … …
(b). Dry-Cleaning room … … …
(c). Spraying room … … …
(d). Certificate of registration issued to premises other than the
above … ... …
2. Transfer of a certificate of registration … …
Extract from Inflammable liquids and Substances Regulations G.N. 179/53
4. Certificate of Registration for Storage
1. No person shall store, use or handle inflammable liquid on any premises in excess of the undermentioned quantities :-
(a). Class A inflammable liquid, a total quantity of two hundred litres;
(b). Class B inflammable liquid, a total quantity of four hundred litres unless such person is in possession of a certificate of registration in respect of such premises.
Provided that no quantity of class A inflammable liquid shall be stored in excess of thirty – six litres except in a sealed steel drum.
2. No certificate of registration shall be issued in respect of any premises for the storage, use, or handling of inflammable liquid, unless application is made in writing to the Controller, and such application is accompanied by the relevant fee set out in the Second Schedule to these regulations, and in respect of premises situate in the town of Port Louis, a certificate from the Fire Authority to effect that the premises are adequately protected against fire, and until the provisions of these regulations have been complied with in respect of such premises.
3. Such certificate may be issued subject to such conditions as are deemed necessary by the Controller having regard to the circumstances pertaining to each application.
4. Such certificate shall state the maximum amount of each class of inflammable liquid permitted to be stored, used or handled, the manner in which such liquid shall be stored, used or handled and the number of pumps, storage tanks and stores permitted on the premises.
5. Every such certificate shall only be valid for the period terminating on the next succeeding 30th day of June.
6. No certificate of registration other than renewal thereof shall be issued in respect of any premises until the provisions of regulation 3 of these regulations have been complied with and the application thereof has been approved by the Controller.
5. Supply of inflammable liquids
No person shall supply, deliver or cause or permit any inflammable liquid to be supplied or delivered –
(a). to any premises in excess of the quantities specified in regulation 4 of these regulations, the occupier of which is not in possession of a certificate of registration issued in terms of these regulations in respect of the said premises.
(b). to any premises in excess of the amount specified on the certificate of registration relating to such premises.
8. Conditions of certificate of registration
(1). No person shall store, use or handle or cause or permit to be stored, used or handled on any premises -
(a). any quantity of inflammable liquid in excess of the amount stated on the certificate of registration relating to such premises;
(b). any inflammable liquid other than the class or classes specified on the certificate of registration relating to such premises;
(c). any inflammable liquid in a manner other than stated on the certificate of registration relating to such premises;
(d). a greater number of pumps, storage tanks or stores than specified on the certificate of registration relating to such premises.
(2). Any person in lawful possession of any certificate of registration may make written application to the Controller for the amendment of the total quantity or class of inflammable liquid stated in such certificate. Such application shall only be granted by the Controller when the proposed amendment is in conformity with the provisions of these regulations. Where the Controller has granted any such application, such person shall surrender the certificate of registration to the Controller for amendment.
44. Filing of Containers
No person shall carry on or cause or permit to be carried on the trade, business or occupation of filling containers with class A inflammable liquid other than in a fire-resisting building used solely for such purpose, the electrical wiring in which shall be of flame-proof type, or in the open air at a distance of not less than fifty feet from any fire, flame, naked light or other agency, likely to ignite inflammable liquid or its vapour.
46. Storage of empty containers
(1). No person shall place any empty container or cause or permit any empty container to be placed on any premises other than a store until all inflammable liquid and inflammable liquid vapours have been removed from such container :
Provided that –
(a). Such a container may be stored in the open air at a distance of not less than twenty feet from any fire, flame, naked light, or other agency likely to ignite inflammable liquid vapour;
(b). No person shall cause or allow any empty container to remain in or on any public place.
(2). Every empty container so stored shall be securely closed with a bung or other suitable stopper.
49. Capacity of store
The certificate of registration issued in respect of any store shall the class and maximum quantity of inflammable liquid permitted to be kept in such store at any one time.
50. Danger notice on store
No person shall use as such or cause or permit to be used as such any inflammable liquid store, unless and until the word “DANGER – INFLAMMABLE LIQUID - NO SMOKING” in letters not less than three inches in height are legibly painted on the outer face of the door of such store. Such notice shall at all times be maintained in such position and in a legible condition.
51. Construction and situation of store
(1). Every store shall be constructed in accordance with the following requirements –
(a). The walls shall be constructed of brick, stone, concrete or other non-inflammable material, the floor of concrete or other impervious material and the roof of reinforced concrete or other non-inflammable material.
(b). The store shall be provided with a well-fitted metal sliding door, or a metal door opening outwards of not less than one-eighth inch thick, carried on an angle-iron frame and set on an iron door frame. Such door shall have an all-round over-lap of not less than two inches and shall be fitted with a substantial lock.
(c). The window frame shall be constructed of metal and fitted with glass panes or metal sheets.
(d). Every store shall be constructed in such manner or surrounded by walls not less than 6 inches in height forming a well of such a character that the inflammable liquid contained therein cannot escape therefrom.
(e). (i) The store shall be ventilated by a system of ventilation of such design, construction and
capacity as will adequately prevent the accumulation of inflammable liquid vapour within all portions of such and discharge such vapour into the open air at a point or points where such vapour is not likely to come into contact with any fire, flame, open light or other agency likely to ignite such vapour:
Provided that where for any reason such ventilation can only be secured by means of a mechanical system of ventilating, such system shall conform to the provisions of regulation 94 of these regulations.
(ii). All ventilating openings which are fitted into walls shall be set in iron frames and fitted tightly to the interior faces of the walls.
(iii) The low ventilating openings shall be installed as near the wall level as possible.
(f). The openings shall be protected by non-corrodable wire gauze of not less than twenty-eight meshes to the linear inch.
(g). A store shall not be situated in such a position that will impede the escape of any person from the premises, or endanger any room, building, or premises in the case of fire.
(h). Any store with a floor area in excess of one hundred square feet shall be provided with at least two doors, constructed as described in paragraph (1) (b) of this regulation, situated at such a distance from each other as to allow free and unimpeded escape of persons within the store from either door in case of fire or other danger.
2. Every store shall be maintained at all times in accordance with the provisions of this regulation.
52. Lighting of store
All lights installed shall be of in candescent electric type which shall be enclosed in an outer flame-proof fitting and all wiring shall be armoured cable or enclosed in seamless metal tubes, the junctions of which are screwed together. All switches, junction boxes, fuses and other electrical equipment shall be outside the store. All armoured cables and seamless tubes shall be efficiently earthed.
53. Use of store
(1). Inflammable liquids in excess of the quantities mentioned in sub-paragraph (a) and (b) of paragraph
(1) of regulation 4 shall be kept in store when not being used or handled.
(2). No person shall –
(a). Use any store or cause or permit such store to be used for any purpose other than the storage of inflammable liquid, oils and their containers;
(b). Engage in or cause or permit any other person to be engaged in any store unless all the doors of the store are fully open and kept entirely unobstructed.
54. Unauthorised persons entering store
No person shall enter any store or cause or permit any store to be entered without the express permission of the occupier or other responsible person in charge of such store.
Extract from G.N 179/53
95. Registration of Spraying Room
1. No person shall spray or cause or permit to be sprayed any vehicle with any inflammable liquid in any spraying room unless such person is in possession of a spraying room permit in respect of such room.
2. The provisions of Regulations 3 to 11 and of Regulation 14 of these regulations shall mutatis mutandis apply to a permit under this regulation.
96. Issue of Spraying Room Permit.
No spraying room permit shall be granted in respect of any spraying room unless and until such room complies with the requirements of these regulations.
97. Construction of Spraying Room.
Every spraying room shall be constructed in accordance with the following requirements:-
1. Non-inflammable materials only shall be used in the construction thereof.
2. There shall be installed an exhaust method of ventilation such as will adequately remove vapours from and capable of changing air in the spraying room at least thirty times in every hour.
3. Where a spraying room is sub-divided into spraying booths as described in paragraph (4) of this regulation each such booth shall be ventilated in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (2) of this regulation.
4. Where a part of the whole of any spraying room is sub-divided by partitions into separate compartments or booths (hereinafter described as spraying booths) such spraying booths shall be constructed of metal or other non-flammable material.
5. All exhaust vents leading from spraying rooms or spraying booths shall be so designed and constructed that all vapours are expelled into the open air at a point of not less than twelve feet above the level of the ground and at a distance of not less than fifteen feet from the opening to any building and such vent shall be constructed of non-inflammable material.
6. All ventilation inlets and outlets shall be so placed as to effect a continuous and complete change of air within any such spraying room, or spraying booth. The ventilation inlets shall be substantially equivalent to the exhaust capacity provided in terms of these regulations. The ventilation or spraying shall be so arranged that all inflammable liquid vapours shall pass as near as reasonably possible directly into the ventilation outlets.
7. The blades of any fan used in the spraying room shall be of non-ferrous metal.
8. No electrical equipment shall be installed in the spraying room other than -
(a). incandescent electric lights enclosed in outer flame-proof fittings;
(c). STORAGE & TRANSPORT OF L.P.G.
1. For the issue of a certificate of registration for the Storage of liquid petroleum gas exceeding 500 kg … …
2. For the renewal of the certificate of registration for the storage of liquid petroleum gas exceeding 500 kg … …
3. For a permit to transport gas by road –
a) Bulk carrier … … … …
b) Lorry and van … … … …
ACCOMODATION OF GUEST WORKERS
Guidelines for the issue of a fire clearance – Fire Safety Requirements
(1). For buildings used only for the purpose of accommodating guest workers the following rules shall apply:-
(a). If the building is up to 200 square metre:
(i) a single escape route is acceptable if the final exit can be reached within a maximum travel distance of 9 metres.
(ii) the building is not more than three floor level and the occupancy does not exceed 50 persons.
(b). If the building is more than 200 square and the travel distance exceeds 9m, there shall be an alternate emergency exit.
(c). If the building is more than 200 square metre and more than three floor level, an alternate emergency staircase shall be provided.
(2.) One 4 kg dry powder fire extinguisher shall be provided for every floor area of 100 square metres.
(3). A fire warning system shall be provided if the occupancy exceeds 60 persons.
(4). Adequate and reliable illumination, including an emergency lighting system, shall be provided in areas forming the escapes routes.
(5). Cooking and the use of naked flames such as prayer items shall be prohibited in the sleeping area.
(6). Smoking shall be prohibited in bedrooms.
(7). Inflammable liquids and substances / hazardous substances shall not be used or stored in the dormitory, except for medical purposes which shall be kept in a fire resisting metal cabinet.
(8). Electrical installations not forming part of the normal electrical circuit shall not be allowed.
(9). There shall prevail a high standard of good housekeeping.
(10). There shall be provided appropriate and adequate safety signs.
(11). If the lodging is within the work premises, the fire protection measures shall be extended to the lodging accommodation area.
(12). At least one independent means of escape shall be provided from the lodging accommodation.